Knowing that small concentrations of collagen can attract contamination, they compared precision Accelerator Mass Spectrometry AMS tests of collagen and bioapatite hard carbonate bone mineral with conventional counting methods of large bone fragments from the same dinosaurs. According to papers filed with the Superior Court of Los Angeles County, when Mark Armitage interviewed for an opening at CSUN for a "regular" "part-time" microscopist in he told the panel that he had published materials supportive of creationism. Scientists need to know the actual chronology of the Earth and the age of the fossils.
Certain parts of bone look like a sponge under the microscope. Scientists use sedimentary rock to determine a fossil relative age by studying the rock. There are a number of outlines of the skeletons in the standard literature but only one fleshed out reconstruction that I have ever seen. However other radioisotopes can be used for dating. A lone femur bone was excavated in in Cretaceous clay at 47 6 18N by 39 22W in Montana by the O.
We have successfully used this technique to prepare and date samples of bone and of tooth enamel and dentin, with varying degrees of preservation condition, and from time intervals ranging from a few hundred Carbon years to greater than 40, Carbon years. Carbon dating is used for carbonaceous dating, i. Julsrud at age sixty-nine was on the brink of making a discovery that may prove to be the greatest archaeological discovery ever made. Certain parts of bone look like a sponge under the microscope. When an animal or plant dies, it no longer takes in carbon of any form. Each of them typically exists in igneous rock, or rock made from cooled magma. The panel hired Armitage despite his creationist writings because of his exceptional qualifications. Schweitzer herself wonders why these materials are preserved when all the models say they should be degraded. Bioapatite is a major component of the mineralised part of bones. However, this is the basis of the procedure. How do scientist use radioactive elements to determine the approximate age of a rock? Click to see the YouTube video. Individual censorship on YouTube - "NaturaLegion". So, who to believe - a star of biochemistry and microbiology who has been studying cell biology for over 50 years, or a snot-nosed blogger? Collectively don tinfoil caps and hum "aum" at the right frequency to repel the comet and cosmo perfect match speed dating the "electromagnetic harmonic balancing" of the moon? Amazingly, the Julsrud dinosaur figurine matches the color drawing of an Amargasaurus cazaui in the Japanese dinosaur book. He discarded the dinosaur date. This is a project much better suited for collaboration with a university laboratory. I have instructed the Radiocarbon Laboratory to return your recent samples to you and to not accept any future samples for analysis. The first technique is called " relative dating. Many dinosaur bones are not petrified.
Carbondated dinosaur bones are less than 40, years old. Researchers have found a reason for the puzzling survival of soft tissue and collagen in dinosaur bones - the bones are younger than anyone ever guessed. Carbon C dating of multiple samples of bone from 8 dinosaurs found in Texas, Alaska, Colorado, and Montana revealed that they are only 22, to 39, years old.
Since dinosaurs are thought to be over 65 million years old, the news is stunning - and more than some can tolerate. After the AOGS-AGU conference in Singapore, the abstract was removed from the conference website by two chairmen because they could not accept the findings.
Unwilling to challenge the data openly, they erased the report from public view without a word to the authors. When the authors inquired, they received this letter: They did not look at the data and they never spoke with the researchers. They did not like the test results, so they censored them. Carbon is considered to be a highly reliable dating technique. It's accuracy has been verified by using C to date artifacts whose age is known historically.
The fluctuation of the amount of C in the atmosphere over time adds a small uncertainty, but contamination by "modern carbon" such as decayed organic matter from soils poses a greater possibility for error. Thomas Seiler, a physicist from Germany, gave the presentation in Singapore. He said that his team and the laboratories they employed took free dating in worcestershire care to avoid contamination.
That included protecting the samples, avoiding cracked areas in the bones, and meticulous pre-cleaning of the samples with chemicals to remove possible contaminants. Knowing that small concentrations of collagen can attract contamination, they compared precision Accelerator Mass Spectrometry AMS tests of collagen and bioapatite hard carbonate bone mineral with conventional counting methods of large bone fragments from the same dinosaurs.
These, together with many other remarkable concordances between samples from different fossils, geographic regions and stratigraphic positions make random contamination as dating website robbery of the C unlikely". The theoretical limit for C dating isyears using AMS, but f or practical purposes it is 45, to 55, years.
The half-life of C is years. If dinosaur bones are 65 million years old, there should not be one atom of C left in them. Many dinosaur bones are not petrified. Mary Schweitzer, associate professor of marine, earth, and atmospheric sciences at North Carolina State University, surprised scientists in when she reported finding soft tissue in dinosaur bones.
She started a firestorm of controversy in and when she reported that she had sequenced proteins in the dinosaur bone. Critics charged that the findings were mistaken or that what she called soft tissue was really biofilm produced by bacteria that had entered from outside the bone.
Schweitzer answered the challenge by testing with antibodies. Her report in confirmed the presence of collagen and other proteins that bacteria do not make. Ina Swedish team found soft tissue and biomolecules in the bones of another creature from the time of the dinosaurs, a Mosasaur, which was a giant lizard that swam in shallow ocean waters.
Schweitzer herself wonders why these materials are preserved when all the models say they should be degraded. That is, if they really are over 65 million years old, as the conventional wisdom says. Dinosaur bones with Carbon dates in the range of 22, to 39, years before present, combined with the discovery of soft tissue in dinosaur bones, indicate that something is indeed wrong with the conventional wisdom about dinosaurs.
However, it has been hard to reach the public with the information. Despite being simple test results without any interpretation, they were blocked from presentation in conference proceedings by the North American Paleontological Convention, the American Geophysical Union in andthe Geological Society of America in andand by the editors of various scientific journals.
Fortunately, there is the internet. Carbon in dinosaur bones download more details. Detwiler; in MA Cretaceous sandstone - identified by Dr. Allosaurus is a carnivorous dinosaur excavated in by the J. Hadrosaur 1, a duck billed dinosaur.
Bone fragments were excavated in along Colville River by G. Hadrosaur 2, a duck billed dinosaur. Kline team of the Glendive Dinosaur and Fossil Museum. It was sawed open by the O. Miller team in to retrieve samples for C testing. Triceratops 1, a ceratopsid dinosaur.
A lone femur bone was excavated in in Cretaceous clay at 47 6 18N by 39 22W in Montana by the O. Triceratops 2, a very large ceratopsid-type dinosaur excavated in in Cretaceous clay at 47 02 44N and 32 49W in Montana by the O.
Kline team of Glendive Dinosaur and Fossil Museum. Outer bone fragments of a femur were tested for C Hadrosaur 3, why cant a geologist use carbon dating to find the age of a rock, a duck billed dinosaur.
Scrapings were taken from a large bone excavated by Joe Taylor of Mt. Scrapings were taken from a rib still imbedded in the clay soil of a ranch in CO, partially excavated in andin Ma late Jurassic strata by C. Bow is the bulk organic fraction of whole bone; Col is collagen fraction; w or ext is charred, exterior or whole bone fragments; Hum is humic acids. Bioapatite is a major component of the mineralised part of bones.
It incorporates why cant a geologist use carbon dating to find the age of a rock small amount of carbonate as a substitute for phosphate in the crystal lattice. Charred bone is the description given by lab personnel for blackened bone surfaces. Proteins that are the main component of connective tissue.
Yet it is found in four-foot long, nine-inch diameter dinosaur femur bones claimed to be greater than 65 million years old. The "Modified Longin Method" is the normal purification method for bone collagen.
Libby, the discoverer of Radiocarbon dating and Nobel Prize winner, showed that purified collagen could not give erroneous ages. Click to see a You Tube video of the conference presentation. Click to see the conference schedule for presentation of abstract BGA at On the conference website, the abstract was removed from position number 5.
Click to see where it had been on the Conference website. This is what happens when you try to get members of the academic community involved: Click to see the YouTube video. Banned by the Center for Applied Isotope Studies. From through the Paleochronology group had 11 dinosaur bone samples carbon dated by the Center for Applied Isotope Studies at the University of Georgia, and for good reason. Senior research scientist Alexander Cherkinsky specializes in the preparation of samples tips on dating an older woman Carbon testing.
He directed the pretreatment and processing of the dinosaur bone samples with the Accelerator Mass Spectrometer, though he did not know the bones were from dinosaurs, and he signed the reports. Carbon dating at this facility is certainly the very best. But insomeone told the director of the facility, Jeff Speakman, that the Paleochronology group was showing the Carbon reports on a website and YouTube and drawing the obvious conclusions.
So when he received another bone sample from the Paleochronology group, he returned it to sender and sent an email saying: The scientists at CAIS and I are dismayed by the claims that you and your team have made with respect to the age of the Earth and the validity of biological evolution. Consequently, we are no longer able to provide radiocarbon services in support of your anti-scientific agenda.
I have instructed the Radiocarbon Laboratory to return your recent samples to you and to not accept any future samples for analysis. Notice that he did not say the radiocarbon reports of the dinosaur bone samples were inaccurate. No, his objection was that the Paleochronology group was using the reports as evidence that dinosaurs lived thousands, not millions, of years ago.
So I asked him 3 times over 3 weeks what is the right conclusion to draw from the test results they provided us; then 50 dating questions asked his entire scientific staff. None of them had an answer. This is an attitude we have encountered among members of academia: A nyone who challenges the established truth is made an enemy. The threat hangs over everyone. A manager of a commercial laboratory that does Carbon dating, Beta Analytic Inc.
Her interest led us to propose that her company perform a Carbon test on a T-rex bone we acquired. Thanks for considering our service in this project. We wish you well in your research but must choose to opt-out of the analysis.
Since you have identified it as T-rex, and these are known to be extinct for why does my ex still want to hook up million years, it is beyond the limit of our gay dating arizona. If a "recent" result was derived it would be universally challenged with possible risks of poor result claims for our laboratory.
This is a project much better suited for collaboration with a university laboratory. It has demonstrated both the technical competency and management system requirements necessary to consistently deliver technically valid test results.
These standards are universally recognized as the highest level of quality attainable by a testing laboratory. Mark Armitage and the triceratops horn. Mark was suddenly terminated by the Biology Department when his discovery of soft tissues in a Triceratops horn was published in Acta Histochemica.
The university claimed his appointment at had been temporary and claimed a lack of funding for the position. This was news to him, and contradicted prior statements and documents from the university. Mark Armitage has a MS degree in biology and has been a microscope scientist microscopist for 30 years. He was the president of the Southern California Society for Microscopy for several years. He has some 30 publications to his credit. Mark's micrographs have appeared on the covers of eleven scientific journals, and he has many technical publications on microscopic phenomena in such journals as American Laboratory, Southern California Academy of Sciences Bulletin, Parasitology Research, Microscopy and Microanalysis, Microscopy Today and Acta Histochemica, among others.
According to papers filed with the Superior Court of Los Angeles County, when Mark Armitage interviewed for an opening at CSUN for a "regular" "part-time" microscopist in he told the panel that he had published materials supportive of creationism.